PowerShell is a powerful scripting language that enables users to automate system tasks and manage Windows-based systems. One of the most useful features of PowerShell is the ability to create session configuration files, which allow users to create customized PowerShell sessions with specific settings. The New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet is used to create these session configuration files, and this article will provide an overview of how to use it.

Session configuration files are used to create customized PowerShell sessions with specific settings. These settings can include things like the execution policy, the default working directory, the default shell, and the user roles that are allowed to access the session. By creating a session configuration file, users can ensure that their PowerShell sessions are configured to their exact specifications.

What is the New-PSSessionConfigurationFile Cmdlet?

The New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet is used to create session configuration files. It takes a number of parameters, which can be used to customize the session configuration file to the user’s exact specifications. The cmdlet can also be used to create session configuration files from existing session configuration files.

Syntax

The syntax for the New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet is as follows:

New-PSSessionConfigurationFile [-Path] <String> [-SessionType] <SessionType> [-ExecutionPolicy] <ExecutionPolicy> [-DefaultShell] <String> [-WorkingDirectory] <String> [-Role] <String[]> [-Force] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [<CommonParameters>]

Parameters

The New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet has the following parameters:

Parameter Description
Path The path to the session configuration file.
SessionType The type of session to be created.
ExecutionPolicy The execution policy for the session.
DefaultShell The default shell for the session.
WorkingDirectory The default working directory for the session.
Role The user roles that are allowed to access the session.
Force Forces the cmdlet to overwrite an existing session configuration file.
Confirm Prompts the user to confirm the action.
WhatIf Shows what would happen if the cmdlet were to run.

Inputs

The New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet takes the following inputs:

  • Path: The path to the session configuration file.
  • SessionType: The type of session to be created.
  • ExecutionPolicy: The execution policy for the session.
  • DefaultShell: The default shell for the session.
  • WorkingDirectory: The default working directory for the session.
  • Role: The user roles that are allowed to access the session.

Outputs

The New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet does not produce any output.

Examples

The following example creates a session configuration file named “MySession” with the execution policy set to “Bypass”, the default shell set to “PowerShell”, the working directory set to “C:\Temp”, and the user roles set to “Administrators” and “Users”:

New-PSSessionConfigurationFile -Path “MySession” -SessionType Default -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -DefaultShell PowerShell -WorkingDirectory “C:\Temp” -Role “Administrators”, “Users”

The following example creates a session configuration file named “MySession” from an existing session configuration file named “MyExistingSession”:

New-PSSessionConfigurationFile -Path “MySession” -SessionType Default -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -DefaultShell PowerShell -WorkingDirectory “C:\Temp” -Role “Administrators”, “Users” -Force -Confirm -WhatIf

Tips

When using the New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet, there are a few tips to keep in mind:

  • The Path parameter is required, and must be a valid file path.
  • The SessionType parameter must be set to “Default”.
  • The ExecutionPolicy parameter must be set to one of the supported execution policies.
  • The DefaultShell parameter must be set to one of the supported shells.
  • The WorkingDirectory parameter must be set to a valid directory path.
  • The Role parameter must be set to one or more valid user roles.
  • The Force parameter can be used to overwrite an existing session configuration file.
  • The Confirm and WhatIf parameters can be used to confirm the action or show what would happen if the cmdlet were to run.

Conclusion

The New-PSSessionConfigurationFile cmdlet is a powerful tool for creating customized PowerShell sessions with specific settings. By using the cmdlet, users can ensure that their PowerShell sessions are configured to their exact specifications. This article has provided an overview of how to use the cmdlet, and the tips provided should help users get the most out of it.

Leave a Reply